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How to Remove Mold & Mildew

Hard Surfaces

Step 1

Protect yourself. Open the doors or windows in the room where you are cleaning. When cleaning mold or mildew, you should work in a well-ventilated area to reduce the inhalation of mold spores. Put on gloves to protect your skin. If you are working in a large area or if the mold is overhead, purchase safety goggles and a mask from a home improvement store.

Step 2

Clean the surface. Using a stiff brush, non-ammonia detergent and hot water, scrub the area containing the mold. Mix a solution of 1 gallon of water and 1-1/4 cup of bleach to disinfect the area. Spray the surface or wipe it down using the bleach solution and a sponge. Allow the bleach to sit for approximately 10 minutes. Rinse the area completely with clear water.

Step 3

Dry the area. If the surface is one that you can move, set it outside to dry; otherwise allow the object to air-dry on its own. You can use fans to speed up the drying process.

Fabrics

Step 1

Brush off traces of mold and mildew. Do this after you have put on your gloves. Use a stiff brush to wipe away the mildew on items such as clothing or bedding.

Step 2

Clean washable items thoroughly. Place machine-washable items in the washing machine and wash using detergent in hot water. Inspect the item for mildew stains that did not come out in the wash. Rub a mixture of lemon and salt directly on any lingering stains, and wash the item again. Take items that are not machine-washable to a dry cleaner.

Step 3

Dry thoroughly. Place the item outside to air dry. Avoid using an electric clothes dryer, which may set any stains you have missed.

Upholstery

Step 1

Dust off the mildew from items such as sofas, rugs, mattresses or chairs. Do this outdoors or in a well-ventilated room. Go over the surface with the vacuum cleaner, using its attachment if necessary.

Step 2

Wash the area to remove the mildew. Dip a sponge into a bucket of sudsy detergent and hot water. Wring the sponge to remove most of the water. Wipe down the area with your sponge. You can also clean the area using a solution of 1 cup rubbing alcohol and 1 cup water.

Step 3

Place it in the sun to dry. Blot off any excess moisture and, if you prefer to not set your furnishings outdoors, allow it to air-dry in a well-ventilated room using fans to speed up the process.

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