This trailblazer holds the distinct honor of being the first Native American woman to become a practicing physician. Although she traveled to both Virginia and Pennsylvania to earn her doctorate, which she earned in 1889, she returned home to the Omaha, Neb., reservation of her childhood to bring lifesaving treatments and care to her people. Susan La Flesche Picotte, a mother of two, cared for both white and Native patients while advocating for equality in healthcare. She was also passionate about cleanliness and keeping the workplace sanitized, as she knew it could stave off deadly diseases like tuberculosis.
Image via TraditionalNativeHealing.com