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What Does Exfoliation Do?

Appearance

Skin cells begin to build up more after you've hit the big 3-0. Exfoliating becomes important at that age, especially for your face. On the other hand, if you're in your 20s, you might still look way older if you don't exfoliate. Lines and ridges will show up more if your skin isn't smooth. Exfoliation doesn't get rid of those pesky wrinkles, but it can definitely smooth them out. With regular exfoliation, your skin will look vibrant instead of dull, and you won't have that crusty, flaky look. Your whole body will feel smoother with regular exfoliation, too.

Frequency

If you have sensitive or dry skin, exfoliate just once a week to avoid irritations. As you get used to a product, you can increase your use of it to a couple of times a week. If you have oily skin, exfoliate every other day. Meanwhile, if you have acne problems, steer clear of exfoliation until your face clears up or consult a dermatologist.

Mechanical Exfoliation

You can exfoliate your skin manually with a scrub. Choose a gentle scrub for your face. The tiny particles lift dead skin cells away as you massage your skin. Use a separate body scrub, too. You can exfoliate the skin on the rest of your body with a loofah, but you don't want to use it on the delicate skin on your face, especially around your eyes. Meanwhile, pumice works for exfoliating rough areas like your feet. Spa professionals sometimes brush the skin with a natural bristled brush to exfoliate.

Chemical Exfoliation

Chemical exfoliation uses alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) or beta hydroxy acid (BHA). These acids exfoliate evenly without damaging skin, as scrubs can. BHA reaches inside the pores to clear out oils, which makes it a good choice for those with oily or normal skin. AHA doesn't reach in the pores, so it works for women whose skin doesn't break out.

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