If you are pregnant, you likely want to do everything you can to prevent a miscarriage. Many well-researched factors contribute to sustaining a healthy pregnancy, but the reasons for miscarriage are often not as clear or as preventable. In fact, around 60 percent of miscarriages are the result of unknown—and therefore unavoidable—chromosomal abnormalities, notes the Center for Human Reproduction in New York City.
conception, you want to ensure that you are in the best shape possible to
create a nurturing environment for your developing baby. This means that you
should begin taking prenatal vitamins, maintain a healthy weight and exercise.
Try to limit caffeine intake and avoid using tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs
and certain prescription medications, advises Dr. Melissa Goist], clinical
assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at The Ohio State University
Wexner Medical Center. Being too thin or overweight can contribute to a
miscarriage, as can low folate levels and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug,
or NSAID, use around the time of implantation, she notes.
"Many of these do not have specific studies that corroborate these findings,"
she cautions. "It is important to remember that in many circumstances, a
miscarriage is not preventable."
Get Medical History Under Control
conditions and autoimmune disorders can increase your risk of miscarriage,
notes the Center for Human Reproduction, a fertility center. Conditions such as
diabetes; autoimmune disorders such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis or Crohn's
disease; and thrombophilia, which is a blood-clotting disorder, can all
increase the risk of miscarriage. While diabetes can be controlled with proper
medication, diet and exercise, autoimmune diseases often require additional
treatment to manage the mother's health and, once she is pregnant, to prevent
pregnancy loss. Share with your health care provider any family history of medical
conditions or autoimmune disorders, as repeated miscarriages can point to a
significant medical cause, the center advises.
Resolve Structural Problems
For some women,
miscarriages are caused by structural abnormalities in the uterus or cervix.
For instance, the CHR reports that fibroid tumors, which are benign, abnormal
uterine growths, can contribute to miscarriage because they can interfere with
embryo implantation. Having a uterus septum, a condition in which the uterus is
divided into two, can also cause a miscarriage. If you have a history of
uterine abnormalities and plan to become pregnant, talk to your health care
provider about treatment options, as abnormalities can often be corrected with
minor surgery to prevent potential miscarriages.
One of the most
common factors associated with miscarriage is advancing maternal age, which is
defined as being older than 35 at the time of pregnancy. Between the ages of 35
and 45, you have a 20 to 40 percent chance of miscarriage, the Mayo Clinic notes.
Once a woman reaches 45 years of age, she has a 80 percent chance of
miscarrying a pregnancy. The reason? As a woman ages, so do her eggs; as such,
she is more likely to produce an embryo that has chromosomal abnormalities.
While it's not always an option, it's important to recognize that conceiving at
younger age can significantly improve your chances of carrying a baby to term.