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Your Toddler's Vocabulary Can Predict Future Success

Children with better vocabularies are more likely to have future success in life. A new study conducted at Pennsylvania State University, University of California–Irvine and Columbia University, analyzed 8,650 children at the age of 2 and then again at the age of 5.

Children entering kindergarten with higher levels of math and reading achievements were more likely to go to college, own a home or get married. They were expected to live in higher-income neighborhoods than children who were less prepared, particularly those with a weaker vocabulary.

The study focused on academic and behavioral achievements of the children. Kindergarten teachers rated their behavioral self-regulation and any acting out of anxiety. Researchers also included a range of background characteristics, such as sociodemographics and parenting quality. They used the breadth of information to determine the role of vocabulary growth on a child's possible future success.

When the children were again studied three years later, researchers found that those who had a larger oral vocabulary when they were younger were better prepared in their education.

"Our findings provide compelling evidence for oral vocabulary's theorized importance as a multifaceted contributor to children's early development," Paul Morgan, research leader and associate professor of education at the Pennsylvania State University, told the Daily Mail.

The study also showed the influence parents have on their children's education, even at such a young age.

"Our findings are also consistent with prior work suggesting that parents who are stressed, overburdened, less engaged, and who experience less social support may talk, read, or otherwise interact with their children less frequently, resulting in their children acquiring smaller oral vocabularies," George Farkas, co-author and professor of education at U.C. Irvine, told the Daily Mail.

Image via Twenty20

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