During the second trimester of your pregnancy, you'll probably regain energy and have fewer bouts of nausea. Still, you'll probably experience some discomfort as your body changes. Continue eating a healthy diet, exercising daily and getting adequate rest. These three simple strategies can help reduce many of the discomforts of the second trimester.
You may notice leg cramps or a restless feeling, especially at night. Getting enough calcium and magnesium can help reduce leg cramps, suggests physician Aviva Jill Romm, author of "The Natural Pregnancy Book." Eat foods high in calcium, such as yogurt, cottage cheese or greens, and talk with your doctor about taking supplements. Eating foods high in vitamin E, such as whole grains, sunflower seeds, eggs and olive oil, can also reduce cramps. Drink at least eight cups of water daily to avoid dehydration, and get daily exercise, such as a moderate walk, suggests Romm. Swimming or soaking in a tub can also be soothing.
During the second trimester, you may notice dark spots on your face or a line from your naval to your pubic bone. This is the time when stretch marks begin to appear, as well. Your skin—especially on your stretching belly—may feel intensely itchy. Always wear sunscreen when you're outdoors, because exposure to sun can make dark patches worse, says the Mayo Clinic. To reduce itching, use a mild, natural soap, and rub a thick, moisturizing cream onto your skin. Getting enough exercise improves circulation, which can reduce itching, says Romm. A healthy diet and adequate fluid intake also improve your skin's condition.
During the second trimester, your breasts might not feel tingly, like they did in the first few weeks, but they may still be tender. They may become large and heavy, in preparation for breastfeeding. The stretching skin may also feel itchy. This is the time to switch to a support bra. Many women buy nursing bras with support that can be worn now and after the baby arrives. Use a thick moisturizing cream to ease itchiness. Soaking in a warm tub can help, and go braless when you're resting.
Urinary Tract Infections
Hormonal changes and the pressure of your baby's weight on internal organs may make you more vulnerable to urinary tract infections. Left untreated, the infections can cause serious illness or even premature labor, says Romm. Symptoms include frequent urination accompanied by a burning sensation, tenderness, fever or backache.