Between 2006 and 2010, infertility issues affected 10.9 percent of females in the United States between the ages of 15 and 44, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If you're struggling with fertility, you and your doctor may decide to try in vitro fertilization. Fertility therapy can be frustrating and confusing, but knowing the signs of an IVF pregnancy can help to ease your anxieties and avoid some of the uncertainty.
The American Pregnancy Association notes that the early signs of pregnancy by IVF and natural conception are the same. The first indication is likely to be a missed period. You may have some light bleeding or spotting during implantation, when the transferred embryo attaches itself to the uterine wall. Implantation spotting isn't the same as that related to a menstrual period. If you're unsure whether the bleeding is from implantation or from your period, consult your doctor.
Plus or Minus
A positive result from a blood pregnancy test administered by your doctor is the most reliable sign that the IVF procedure worked. Even though it's tempting to take a home test soon after the fertility treatment, doing so can yield a false result. During IVF, human chorionic gonadotropin is given to stimulate egg maturation. Taking a pregnancy test with seven days of HCG administration may cause a false positive, according to the Dominion Fertility medical center. An accurate result from a blood pregnancy test is more likely if you wait for 12 to 14 days after the procedure.
Aches, Pains and a Swirling Stomach
As with natural conception, early signs of an IVF pregnancy may include an array of aches and pains. You may experience swollen and tender breasts, headaches and lower backaches, according to the APA. These symptoms typically begin between one and two weeks after conception. You may also experience nausea and vomiting — also know as morning sickness — two weeks or longer after conception.
As an increased amount of the hormone progesterone flows through your body, you may begin to feel more tired than usual. This can happen as soon as one week after conception, according to the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Keep in mind that the stress or sleepless nights of worry that you might experience after an IVF procedure may also cause tiredness.